One of the most important things to consider when determining the depth of your excavation and the location of your footing is its relationship with other structures or buildings. Essential what this means is that there should be no obstructions or structures within the angle of repose of the footing. The angle of repose is the soil directly below the footing including all adjacent soil lying with a 45 degrees angle down from the underside of the footing. This is applicable to all new and existing buildings. When the soil within the angle of repose will compromised, the retention of a structural engineer will be required.
Footings are required in several locations.
Essentially under all load-bearing elements which include:
– Masonry fireplaces
Although reinforcing is not required by most Building Codes it is highly recommended that reinforcing be installed to improve the …